Composting Basics – Turning Food Waste Into Nutrient-Rich Soil

Composting is a natural process of recycling organic waste into a humus-rich soil amendment called compost. This is a great alternative to using chemical fertilizers.

It’s a very simple process but it requires some work. Getting it right is the key to making compost and adding nutrient-rich compost to your garden.


Composting is a simple, low-cost way to turn kitchen and yard waste into nutrient-rich soil. It’s also good for the environment because it diverts waste and reduces methane emissions from landfills.

It can be done in a variety of ways, including compost bins purchased at garden centers and home hardware stores or by building your own. The process requires four elements to work effectively: carbon, nitrogen, oxygen and water.

The basic materials that can be added to a compost pile include greens (wet organic food scraps, grass clippings and coffee grounds) and browns (dry leaves, cardboard, newspaper and wood shavings). These items are rich in nitrogen which is essential for the organisms necessary to break down the food waste.

A balance between greens and browns is important to create the best quality compost. A good rule of thumb is to add a mixture of 30:1 to 40:1.


Composting is a simple and natural process that turns food waste into nutrient-rich soil. This reduces the amount of trash that goes into landfills and makes it easier for you to grow plants in your garden.

Compost works best when the balance of carbon and nitrogen (C:N) is correct. This is important to the bacteria that break down organic material into compost.

Typically, compost piles use a 30:1 ratio of green to brown materials. This includes green material such as grass clippings, food scraps, and manure.

Brown material such as dried leaves, wood and twigs provide energy for the microorganisms in the compost pile. They are also high in nitrogen, which is the ideal fuel for decomposing materials.

Several methods can be used to turn food waste into compost, including indoor compost bins, outdoor composting piles, and commercial composting facilities. In addition, there are a variety of drop off sites where you can bring your organic waste and have it collected.


Composting is a natural process that can turn food waste into nutrient-rich soil. In addition to improving the quality of your garden, composting can help you reduce your carbon footprint and lower your need for chemical fertilizers and pesticides.

Depending on the type of composting you do, there are many different types of equipment you can use to get started. Some of the most common are in-vessel composting, vermicomposting and in-soil composting.

In-vessel composting involves placing the food waste into a vessel, such as a drum, silo, bin, tumbler or other similar container. This method reduces odors and environmental tampering.

Vermicomposting involves introducing microorganisms to the compost to break down the food waste. This helps create a better composting environment and can speed up the decomposition process.

When the microorganisms break down the food waste, they release a wide range of nutrients into the soil. These include nitrogen, potassium, calcium and other vital minerals for plants to grow.


Composting is a great way to reuse and recycle food waste. The process turns kitchen scraps into humus rich soil that’s ready to plant. But it’s not always easy to compost right the first time around. A few tricks of the trade are key to successful composting. These include creating a nutrient-rich environment, using the correct equipment, and keeping it tidy.

Among the challenges associated with composting are identifying the proper materials to be recycled, ensuring that the waste is properly separated into the appropriate categories, and properly measuring and tracking performance. However, there are also many tools and technologies available to help ensure successful recycling. For example, in-vessel systems and aerated containers are both cost effective options that require little maintenance. The best way to determine the right solution is to take advantage of a consultation by a professional waste management specialist. This will ensure that you get the most out of your investment and make the process as stress free as possible.